The had been a long-simmering hatred between the K’iche and the Kaqchikel. Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. Pedro de Alvarado (Badajoz, c. 1495 - Guadalajara, Mexico, July 4, 1541), was one of the Spanish leaders in the discovery and conquest of America. He went to Hispaniola (1510), sailed in the expedition (1518) of Juan de Grijalva, and was the chief lieutenant of Hernán Cortés [2] in the conquest of Mexico. The cost of the 160 horses, 120 horsemen, artillery, crossbows, muskets, and ammunition put Cortes into heavy debt. Pedro de Alvarado used a tactic that Cotes had employed in his successful conquest of Mexico, turning hatred between different ethnic groups to his favor. Another writer, Miguel Gómez, adds this comment in his book The Conquest of Mexico (Andrea Press, Madrid, 2007):-Why did they [massacre the Aztecs]? He expected to make many times what he in­vested. Well known for his skills as a soldier, he also played major roles in the conquest of Cuba and in the conquest of Mexico led by Hernán Cortés. The Alvarado River in Mexico is named for him and he became second-in-command to Hernán Cortés during the conquest of Mexico. Conquest of Tenochtitlan Mexico 1522: Spanish allies scout Soconusco and receive delegations from the Kʼicheʼ and Kaqchikel Chiapas, Mexico 1523: Pedro de Alvarado arrives in Soconusco Chiapas, Mexico February – March 1524 Spanish defeat the Kʼicheʼ Retalhuleu, Suchitepéquez, Quetzaltenango, Totonicapán and El Quiché 8 February 1524 The expedition left Mexico City on December 6, 1523. Pedro de Alvarado Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Early Life & Family. Pedro de Alvarado [1] (pā´ŧħrō dā älvärä´ŧħō), 1486–1541, Spanish conquistador. They were traditional enemies. A noteworthy member of this surname was Pedro de ALVARADO (circa.1485-1541) the Spanish conquistador and companion of Hernando Cortes during the conquest of Mexico (1519-21). Pedro de Alvarado was a Spanish conqueror and explorer who served as governor of Guatemala.. From Cuba he journeyed to Mexico, and explored the Caribbean coastline. Alvarado was a good battle strategist and had learned a great deal from Hernan Cortes. He participated in the conquest of Cuba, in Juan de Grijalva's exploration of the coasts of Yucatan and the Gulf of Mexico, and in the conquest of Mexico led by Hernan Cortes. Pedro de Alvarado was a Spanish conquistador credited with the conquest of much of Central America, including Guatemala and El Salvador. Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras was born in 1485 in the city of Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain.His parents were Leonor de Contreras and Gomez de Alvarado. Alvarado went to … He was known as one of the best soldiers among the Conquistadores, as well as one of the most cruel to the native populations. Alvarado swore to Cortés that he had clear indications that a conspiracy was being prepared and that it was the only way to prevent it. Pedro de Alvarado, who voyaged to Hispaniola and to Cuba in 1510. Alvarado Settlers in United States in the 16th Century. When the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards was completed, Hernán Cortés, who had heard of the existence of rich lands inhabited by a number of tribes in Guatemala, decided to send Pedro de Alvarado, the most fearless of his captains, to subdue them. Cortes and Alvarado assembled 400 Spanish soldiers and over 5,000 Indian auxiliaries. 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